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Introduction to Psychological Disorders [...]

[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="975"] A wreath is laid in memoriam to victims of the Washington Navy Yard shooting. (credit: modification of work by D. Myles Cullen, US Department of Defense)[/caption] On Monday, September 16, 2013, a gunman killed 12 people as the workday began at the Washington Navy Yard in Washington, DC. Aaron Alexis, 34, had a troubled h...

 

What Are Psychological Disorders? [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Understand the problems inherent in defining the concept of psychological disorder Describe what is meant by harmful dysfunction Identify the formal criteria that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors must meet to be considered abnormal and, thus, symptomatic of a psychological disorder   A ps...

 

Diagnosing and Classifying Psychological Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Explain why classification systems are necessary in the study of psychopathology Describe the basic features of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Discuss changes in the DSM over time, including criticisms of the current edition Identify which disord...

 

Perspectives on Psychological Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss supernatural perspectives on the origin of psychological disorders, in their historical context Describe modern biological and psychological perspectives on the origin of psychological disorders Identify which disorders generally show the highest degree of heritability Describe the diath...

 

Anxiety Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Distinguish normal anxiety from pathological anxiety List and describe the major anxiety disorders, including their main features and prevalence Describe basic psychological and biological factors that are suspected to be important in the etiology of anxiety disorder   Everybody experience...

 

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe the main features and prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and hoarding disorder Understand some of the factors in the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder   Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders are a group of overlapping disorders th...

 

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe the nature and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder Identify the risk factors associated with this disorder Understand the role of learning and cognitive factors in its development   Extremely stressful or traumatic events, such as combat, natural disasters, and terrorist att...

 

Mood Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Distinguish normal states of sadness and euphoria from states of depression and mania Describe the symptoms of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder Understand the differences between major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder, and identify two subtypes of depression D...

 

Schizophrenia [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Recognize the essential nature of schizophrenia, avoiding the misconception that it involves a split personality Categorize and describe the major symptoms of schizophrenia Understand the interplay between genetic, biological, and environmental factors that are associated with the development of ...

 

Dissociative Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe the essential nature of dissociative disorders Identify and differentiate the symptoms of dissociative amnesia, depersonalization/ derealization disorder, and dissociative identity disorder Discuss the potential role of both social and psychological factors in dissociative identity disor...

 

Personality Disorders [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe the nature of personality disorders and how they differ from other disorders List and distinguish between the three clusters of personality disorders Identify the basic features of borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder, and the factors that are important in ...

 

Disorders in Childhood [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe the nature and symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder Discuss the prevalence and factors that contribute to the development of these disorders   Most of the disorders we have discussed so far are typically diagnosed in adulthood, although ...

 

Introduction to Therapy and Treatment [...]

  [caption id="" align="alignnone" width="975"] Many forms of therapy have been developed to treat a wide array of problems. These marines who served in Iraq and Afghanistan, together with community mental health volunteers, are part of the Ocean Therapy program at Camp Pendleton, a program in which learning to surf is combined with group discussions. The prog...

 

Mental Health Treatment: Past and Present [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Explain how people with psychological disorders have been treated throughout the ages Discuss deinstitutionalization Discuss the ways in which mental health services are delivered today Distinguish between voluntary and involuntary treatment   Before we explore the various approaches to t...

 

Types of Treatment [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Distinguish between psychotherapy and biomedical therapy Recognize various orientations to psychotherapy Discuss psychotropic medications and recognize which medications are used to treat specific psychological disorders   One of the goals of therapy is to help a person stop repeating and ...

 

Treatment Modalities [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Distinguish between the various modalities of treatment Discuss benefits of group therapy   Once a person seeks treatment, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, he has an intake done to assess his clinical needs. An intake is the therapist’s first meeting with the client. The therapist ga...

 

Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders: A Special Case [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Recognize the goal of substance-related and addictive disorders treatment Discuss what makes for effective treatment Describe how comorbid disorders are treated   Addiction is often viewed as a chronic disease ([link]). The choice to use a substance is initially voluntary; however, because...

 

The Sociocultural Model and Therapy Utilization [...]

Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Explain how the sociocultural model is used in therapy Discuss barriers to mental health services among ethnic minorities   The sociocultural perspective looks at you, your behaviors, and your symptoms in the context of your culture and background. For example, José is an 18-year-old Hispa...

 

Hello world! [...]

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