Wikity


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How Wikity Works [...]

Much of software development is _open_, meaning that anybody is allowed to take code that someone else has written and modify it for their own purposes. This is similar to the idea of open content in education: open textbooks, open educational resources, open pedagogy. When someone performs a modification of this type we celebrate it as a success, and call it a "fork...

 

Stern Love [...]

> In the era of the self-packaged celebrity, where public image is carefully tailored on social media and authentic candor is rare, the interviews are an almost radical rebuttal to the patty-cake games and singalongs popularized by Jimmy Fallon on “The Tonight Show” > > Mr. Stern believes his approach isn’t just better radio, but also better for whatever produc...

 

Online Course User Experience: Standards Matter [...]

> Research has shown that the design of online courses is an important factor for students learning and success in online courses. “Consistent course design is the most vital factor for students’ interaction and success in a course.”[1] > > Most of our daily lives consist of a common understanding of the order of life and things around us. For those of us old e...

 

Street view hauntings [...]

Google Street View, a Google Maps feature that allows visitors to see panoramic street-level views of a property, had captured Dad working in the yard – apparently oblivious that a Google car had just passed him. There he was in his white shirt, white shorts, white shoes with white socks. There he was, totally in his element. How we wished he were still there. At th...

 

Compassionate narrative [...]

> Compassion requires emotional connection, role exchange, empathy, experimentation and exploration of people’s world views and experiences, their perspectives on what troubles them beyond the illness label, and a shift of the professional gaze to the person’s location in a social world of relationships and a life-course legacy of risks which include genetics a...

 

Markdown Syntax [...]

Wikity allows people to use standard WYSIWYG editing, but encourages frequent users to take a few minute to learn Markdown syntax, and use Markdown where possible. Using Markdown will: * Dramatically improve your writing speed * Keep you focused on the content instead of the layout * Ensure your work is portable across many platforms * Avoid classic HTML gotchas Markd...

 

Ephemeral Messaging vs. Disaggregating Identity [...]

> This desire for these apps comes from the unnatural state of current online social communication. In real life, all communication happens within a context and people only have a limited identity in that context. > > When I am teaching my class, I use my teacher qualifications. When I am reviewing a restaurant, I want to share the fact that I dine out frequently. Wh...

 

Cultural appropriation as preservation [...]

Two Tumblr users, one of descent, one of descent, offer . One argues that the usage of motives and styles from the person's culture is a form of preservation, as it is dying out (less than 500 Eyak remain). The other gives an account of growing up in the Cree culture learning its craft while putting a personal spin on it (ie. practicing a *dynamic* culture) - and be...

 

Get Wikity [...]

Wikity is a personal note-taking tool for students and writers. It allows you to take notes, collect bookmarks, and even upload photos into a shareable web repository. Wikity differs from other note-taking tools in two major ways. **Connections**: First, Wikity borrows from the lessons of wiki, and allows you to connect your notes into a web. Connect relevant ideas ...

 

The Math of Moderates vs. Base Turnout [...]

Many Democrats believe in the "turnout myth" (full disclosure, I used to myself). The myth runs as follows "triangulators" such as Clinton and Obama run on moderate platforms to capture the moderate vote, but in doing so they lose the excitement of the liberal wings of their party, and ultimately end up with less votes because of turnout. As an example of how this c...

 

The Fractured Left [...]

> This paper suggests that lower turnout among leftist citizens and the resulting partisan > advantage from mandatory voting could stem from heterogeneous ideology among the left's > support. With diffuse support, a leftist candidate cannot adopt a political position that > caters to all its supporters. For example, if rightist citizens all ag...

 

Growth of Liberal Identification [...]

Self-identified liberalism has grown steadily since 1992. Almost all this rise is due to polarization in the Democratic Party: moderates becoming more (self-identified) liberal: At the same time, it is not clear that this is all due to a shift of belief as much as a reassessment of the term....

 

Referendums and Democracy [...]

> There is a popular view that the highest form of democracy is a referendum. We want to debunk that myth. Democracy is much more than consulting the people in “yes” or “no” decisions.The Brexit referendum, the Vancouver public transit referendum, the electoral reform referendum in B.C., the California tax referendums, the Quebec sovereignty-association refere...

 

Neoliberalism and Competition [...]

One way of understanding neoliberalism, as Foucault has best highlighted, is as the extension of competitive principles into all walks of life, with the force of the state behind them. Sovereign power does not recede, and nor is it replaced by ‘governance’; it is reconfigured in such a way that society becomes a form of ‘game’, which produces winners and loser...

 

Adaptive Learners, Not Adaptive Learning [...]

Content is the least stable and least valuable part of education. Reports continue to emphasize the automated future of work (pfdf). The skills needed by 2020 are process attributes and not product skills. Process attributes involve being able to work with others, think creatively, self-regulate, set goals, and solve complex challenges. Product ski...

 

Adaptive Learners, Not Adaptive Learning [...]

Content is the least stable and least valuable part of education. Reports continue to emphasize the automated future of work (pfdf). The skills needed by 2020 are process attributes and not product skills. Process attributes involve being able to work with others, think creatively, self-regulate, set goals, and solve complex challenges. Product ski...

 

The Majority Illusion in Social Networks [...]

> Social behaviors are often contagious, spreading through a population as individuals imitate the decisions and choices of others. A variety of global phenomena, from innovation adoption to the emergence of social norms and political movements, arise as a result of people following a simple local rule, such as copy what others are doing. However, individuals often la...

 

Real Americans [...]

> If you’re one of these “real Americans,” you’re in the majority in almost every respect. Most Americans are white, most are Christian, most don’t have college degrees, and most live in the South or Midwest Census Bureau regions. And yet, only about 1 in 5 voters meets all of these descriptions. > > This helps to explain what seems like a paradox. “Real ...

 

Trumping Truth [...]

> In a study conducted in October,1 researchers presented 507 self-identified Republicans and 986 self-identified Democrats with actual things that Trump had said — some of which were true and some of which were false. The researchers might explain, for instance, that “Trump said that the MMR vaccine causes autism,” or they would simply present the assertion tha...

 

Exploring the Physical Web [...]

> The Physical Web is still pretty new, but the basic idea is that the Physical Web lets you broadcast any URL to the people around you. Awesome, right? The Physical Web lets you anchor URLs to physical places by way of a BLE beacon, effectively allowing you to “park” a webpage, link to a file, etc., wherever you want. It’s kind of like putting your own “Poké...

 

More Debt, Better Outcomes [...]

> The report later cites data showing that Americans with high-debt balances are more likely to own a home than those with smaller balances. Borrowers with high-debt balances typically attended graduate school and earn more than those with just a bachelor’s degree. Borrowers who are delinquent on their student debt—a large share of which owe small balances– are ...

 

There Is No Student Debt Bubble [...]

> Similarly, the White House also strongly refutes any comparison between the housing market bubble and student debt. “Student debt is less likely to make a recession more severe or slow an expansion in the way that mortgage debt may have,” the paper says. > > For that, it cites several factors. > > For one, student debt is still low as a share of Americans’ ...

 

Defaulters Owe Less [...]

> To highlight this divide, the White House points out that borrowers owing the smallest balances are the ones most likely to default. Take the cohort of borrowers who were first required to start making payments on their debt in 2011. Two-thirds of those who defaulted in the following three years owed less than $10,000, the White House says. More than a third of defa...

 

Online Attention as Inferior Good [...]

From _The Empirical Economics of Online Attention (2016)_: > We find that higher income households spend less total time online per week. Households making $25,000-$35,000 a year spend ninety-two more minutes a week online than households making$100,000 or more a year in income, and differences vary monotonically over intermediate income levels. Relatedly, we also fi...

 

Poverty of Attention [...]

“…[I]n an information-rich world, the wealth of information means a dearth of something else: a scarcity of whatever it is that information consumes. What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overa...

 

Settings:: Footer [...]

Original content licensed CC-BY-SA. Articles may contain material under different licenses, check the links, history, and other attribution. Site proudly powered by WordPress....

 

Settings:: Publishing [...]

These settings are used by Wikity to determine privacy (openness) and publishing schedule. Please note that putting "Open" to "No" is an experimental feature, providing "good enough" privacy but not great privacy. Settings OPEN: Yes RSS DELAY: 5 days...

 

Getting Started: Day One [...]

Most people find that using Wikity to bookmark is a good place to start. The following video shows how you can bookmark with Wikity. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66IGbiATzsY Note that in the video the bookmark says 'Bkmrk' but in recent versions says 'Wik-it'. The editor has also been upgraded...

 

Stewardess Requirements [...]

> The 1960s were the golden age of air travel, and working as a flight attendant was one of the most glamorous jobs available for a woman. The criteria were strict: applicants were held to high standards of beauty, and required to be single, under 140 lbs, and between the ages of 20 and 26. Pan Am: > Of course, the stewardesses were also required to fit nicely into ...

 

Wood as clear strings and opaque glue [...]

> The basic idea is that wood can be thought of as two parts: > > Cellulose: Strong structural strings which are naturally clear > > and > > Lignin: a sort of opaque glue that holds all those strong cellulose fibers together > > If you can strip away the opaque (and non-structural) parts of the wood (the lignin) and replace it with clear...

 

Superpowers take time [...]

Mike Caulfield bruger Wikity til at tage noter på en ny måde, som han kalder en superkræft. Jeg har ikke så meget mere at skrive her, men jeg vil lige prøve at linke til andre sider. Hvad med denne artikel?...

 

Mechanical Turk wages [...]

*52% of Mechanical Turkers earn less than 5$ an hour.* has done a study of the uses of Mechanical Turk, Amazon's platform for distributing work requiring human input into small sizes, each done by a "Turker". Apparently, around half of Turkers earn less than 5$ an hour (39% earn between 5$ and 8$, 8% earn 8$ or more). A typical task pays 10 cents or less. Only 25% of...

 

Almost Useless Objects: The Ten Chindogu Tenets [...]

"I despise materialism and how everything is turned into a commodity, things that should belong to everyone are patented and turned into private property. I’ve never registered a patent and I never will because the world of patents is dirty, full of greed and competition." - Kenji Kawakami, the creator of Chindogu. Chindogu means "weird tool" in Japanese. Chindogu...

 

Hostile Architecture [...]

A term for a set of practices that are hostile to common uses for public spaces. It's considered a form of "unpleasant design". > "The term hostile architecture is new—or new in the popular vernacular anyway," says James Petty, a freelance criminologist whose PhD research focuses on the ways in which society regulates homelessness. "But practices of designing citi...

 

The Writer’s Bench [...]

> Throughout the history of the New York City subway's aerosol art movement there were meeting places for writers known as writer's corners or writer's benches. The majority of these meeting places were in the subway system. > > The last active location was the 149th Street Grand Concourse subway station in The Bronx, on the 2 and 5 IRT lines. It was active from the ...

 

Defensible Space [...]

Movement begun in the 1970s to design architecture in a way that allowed residents to defend common spaces from outsiders. Advanced by Oscar Newman, the idea was a reaction to the Le Corbusier inspired designs of public housing that failed so horribly in the 1960s. The St. Louis Pruitt-Igoe development provides an example. Newman describes the dream and the reality: ...

 

Pruitt Igoe, 1968 [...]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-cfjqh1sSY...

 

Love Bench [...]

The Love Bench pulls people together. > Last month, the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) installed a single pair of heart-shaped hand straps on one of its lines in hopes of sparking romance among their passengers. However, with Valentine’s Day behind us it seems they aren’t through playing matchmaker. > This time JR Shikoku is strapping on some cupid wings by...

 

From Gallery to Gauntlet [...]

Elevators in the infamous Pruitt-Igoe development stopped at the communal spaces on every third floor of the building, on the idea that forcing people to pass through the communal areas to get to their apartments would increase community. In practice this did not work out well. > Undersized elevators that “skip-stopped” on every third floor increased the personal...

 

Fryscraper [...]

> A London skyscraper 20 Fenchurch Street also known as Walkie Talkie because of its shape acts as a concave mirror and focuses light onto the streets to the south. It has been nicknamed as the 'Walkie Scorchie' and "Fryscraper" by those who work nearby and the media. > > https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTBm9LwzIAw...

 

Nurture, Culture, and Notes [...]

> The study is one of the first to put an age-old argument to the test. Some scientists believe that the way people respond to music has a biological basis, because pitches that people often like have particular interval ratios. They argue that this would trump any cultural shaping of musical preferences, effectively making them a universal phenomenon.Ethnomusicologis...

 

(Various) Shades of Grey [...]

A description on how the set of I Love Lucy was optimized for black and white television. This knowledge of the contrast secret is further revealed in the décor of the sets. These are painted in various shades of grey. props likewise follow the ethical demands of correct contrast, as do the wardrobes of the players. Even newspapers, when they are to appear in ...

 

Planned Obsolescence of Light Bulbs [...]

> The thousand-hour life span of the modern incandescent dates to 1924, when representatives from the world’s largest lighting companies—including such familiar names as Philips, Osram, and General Electric (which took over Shelby Electric circa 1912)—met in Switzerland to form Phoebus, arguably the first cartel with global reach. The bulbs’ life spans had by ...

 

Medical Pot Laws and Opioid Abuse [...]

> They found that, in the 17 states with a medical-marijuana law in place by 2013, prescriptions for painkillers and other classes of drugs fell sharply compared with states that did not have a medical-marijuana law. The drops were quite significant: In medical-marijuana states, the average doctor prescribed 265 fewer doses of antidepressants each year, 486 fewer dose...

 

First Packet Failure [...]

> “This is part of a series of bugs that I have known and loved… What you won’t read is that this packet failed and it failed, it crashed one of the systems, and the reason it failed was one of the systems was expecting carriage-return line feed and the other system was expecting EOL as a line terminator. So this bug has been with us since the very first Interne...

 

Media Literacy [...]

Basic Definition Media literacy is the ability to ACCESS, ANALYZE, EVALUATE, CREATE, and ACT using all forms of communication.  In its simplest terms, media literacy builds upon the foundation of traditional literacy and offers new forms of reading and writing. Media literacy empowers people to be critical thinke...

 

Hyperuniformity [...]

> Torquato had been studying this hidden order since the early 2000s, when he dubbed it “hyperuniformity.” (This term has largely won out over “superhomogeneity,” coined around the same time by Joel Lebowitz of Rutgers University.) Since then, it has turned up in a rapidly expanding family of systems. Beyond bird eyes, hyperuniformity is found in materials cal...

 

OER as a participatory activity | Saylor Academy [...]

If OER is participatory, then the environment should support and encourage participation > But Saylor Academy would absolutely benefit from infrastructure that would encourage us, our students, our partners, and members of the wider open community to really create the open content we need from the open content that we have. - The Moodle open book project is a smal...

 

Misuse of CC-licensed Photos [...]

> The Wikimedia blog post pointed out that this isn't the first time that CC-licensed photos have been misused in this way. In 2013, Wikimedian Sage Ross found that his photos of Aaron Swartz were being used in news articles around the world: "Of the 42 news articles he examined, only six followed the licence at least in part. Another nine attributed him but not the l...

 

Technical Expertise Is Not Major Factor in Startup Success [...]

> A quick skim of CB Insights' collection of 150+ startup post-mortems reveals that only ~5% of post-mortems referenced a lack of technical ability/execution. Most startup failures were caused by building the wrong product, or lacking strong sales skills, or not having a viable business model. The presence or absence of amazing engineers was rarely a factor. > > Anot...

 

Premature Optimization [...]

> The ability to scale with success is important, but designing products for high scalability from Day 1 is usually a mistake. ("Premature optimization is the root of all evil." Donald Knuth)...

 

Harmony Explained [...]

> Most music theory books are like medieval medical textbooks: they contain unjustified superstition, non-reasoning, and funny symbols glorified by Latin phrases. How does music, in particular harmony, actually work, presented as a real, scientific theory of music? > The core to our approach is to consider not only the Physical phenomena of nature but also the Comput...

 

Wyoming’s Suicide Problem Is More Than a White Male Problem [...]

> “I kept hearing, as I talked to people out here, that it’s all about white men in rural areas, middle-age white men. And it’s true that, statistically, that’s the group most likely to commit suicide,” Pepper said. “But when you start looking at the data, this region of the country leads for men, for women, across all racial groups, across all ethnicities...

 

Digital posters [...]

Digital posters is a term for large images that include words, numbers and simple graphics. They are often seen as the poor relations of infographics. > So what are digital posters good for, as design artifacts? Even Citraro finds it difficult to avoid damning with faint praise. "If neither your message nor your audience is complex, digital posters can be an excell...

 

Choral Explanations [...]

Choral Explanations is a wiki-like approach to information sharing. It is pluralistic in that multiple answers are desired, and they can (or even *should*) take different approaches and assume different levels of existing knowledge. They are less like the answers that appear on like older, transactional sites like Yahoo Answers but more like Stack Exchange or Quora. &...

 

US ebook revenue peaked in 2013 [...]

> After peaking in 2013 at $3.24 billion, eBook revenue declined to $3.20 billion in 2014 and again in 2015 by 11.3% to $2.84 billion. Unit sales also declined by 9.7%, with eBooks now making up 17.3% of the trade book market. The growth of ebooks as a percentage of US publisher sales stalled after 2012: [[Print made moderate gains in 2015]]...

 

Pockets of Polarization [...]

> On Twitter, for instance, people who tweet about politics tend to tweet primarily at and with people who belong to the same party, creating what one team of researchers called “pockets of political polarization.” (A 2014 study suggested such pockets could become less polarized as they tweeted with other groups, but the jury’s still out on that one.) On Face...

 

Decline of Stomach Cancer [...]

> Until the late 1930s, stomach cancer was the No. 1 cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Now just 1.8 percent of American cancer deaths are the result of it. No one really knows why the disease has faded — perhaps it is because people stopped eating so much food that was preserved by smoking or salting. Or maybe it was because so many people took antibiotic...

 

World Science U [...]

Open question based site that gives videos on science. > Immerse yourself > in the world of science > Education for everyone at all levels of interest and knowledge. Learn More....

 

Silence Is in the Contrast [...]

> n 2006, Bernardi’s paper on the physiological effects of silence was the most-downloaded research in the journal Heart. One of his key findings—that silence is heightened by contrasts—is reinforced by neurological research. In 2010, Michael Wehr, who studies sensory processing in the brain at the University of Oregon, observed the brains of mice during short b...

 

Noise Kills [...]

> Surprisingly, recent research supports some of Nightingale’s zealous claims. In the mid 20th century, epidemiologists discovered correlations between high blood pressure and chronic noise sources like highways and airports. Later research seemed to link noise to increased rates of sleep loss, heart disease, and tinnitus. (It’s this line of research that hatched ...

 

Nightingale’s Noise [...]

> Dislike of noise has produced some of history’s most eager advocates of silence, as Schwartz explains in his book Making Noise: From Babel to the Big Bang and Beyond. In 1859, the British nurse and social reformer Florence Nightingale wrote, “Unnecessary noise is the most cruel absence of care that can be inflicted on sick or well.” Every careless clatter or b...

 

ADEPT Method [...]

> Make explanations ADEPT: Use an Analogy, Diagram, Example, Plain-English description, and then a Technical description. > > ADEPT method of learning...

 

Utah Suicide [...]

> "Last year we were over 600," said Dr. Todd Grey, the chief medical examiner for Utah. "We're certainly on track for being over 600 this year. So that means every day, on average, we're going to see at least one to possibly two suicides." > > SEE ALSO: Most suicides by veterans are by those over the age of 50 > > A new report shows the youth suicide rate in Utah h...

 

Messy In-Betweeness [...]

> SF: The tragedy of it was: If only my father—if only all of us—could be ourselves in our own messy in-between category-ness. My father was so much more interesting in an ambiguous state, which she didn't reach until the last three or four years of her life. Also, she talked to me so much more, saying, "Now that I'm a woman I feel I can communicate more. As a man...

 

Roust and Balancer [...]

> We’re not quite there yet, the experts reassure me — and steps could be taken away from that ledge. A social network called Roust, currently in beta, promises to gather an ideologically diverse crowd to “discuss tough topics like politics, religion and social matters.” Opposite the content-blockers of the Internet, extensions like “Balancer” analyze your...

 

Algorithms Don’t Polarize People, People Do [...]

> “Individual choice has a larger role in limiting exposure to ideologically cross cutting content [than the News Feed algorithm],” a recent study by Facebook’s own data team ruled. “We show that the composition of our social networks is the most important factor limiting the mix of content encountered in social media.” > > In other words, the thing most po...

 

Pockets of Polarization [...]

> On Twitter, for instance, people who tweet about politics tend to tweet primarily at and with people who belong to the same party, creating what one team of researchers called “pockets of political polarization.” (A 2014 study suggested such pockets could become less polarized as they tweeted with other groups, but the jury’s still out on that one.) On Faceboo...

 

Newness and Retweeting [...]

> The researchers made a few other telling observations, as well: Most clicks to news stories, they found, were made on links shared by regular Twitter users, and not the media organization itself. The links that users clicked were much older than we generally assume — some had been published for several days, in fact...

 

Readerless Sharing [...]

> Now, as if it needed further proof, the satirical headline’s been validated once again: According to a new study by computer scientists at Columbia University and the French National Institute, 59 percent of links shared on social media have never actually been clicked: In other words, most people appear to retweet news without ever reading it....

 

Breaking and Entering [...]

>Empathy, humility, compassion, conscience: These are the key ingredients missing in the pursuit of innovation, Ms. Helfand argues, and in her book she explores design, and by extension innovation, as an intrinsically human discipline — albeit one that seems to have lost its way. Ms. Helfand argues that innovation is now predicated less on creating and more on the u...

 

OxyContin Ring [...]

>The doctor began prescribing the opioid painkiller OxyContin – in extraordinary quantities. In a single week in September, she issued orders for 1,500 pills, more than entire pharmacies sold in a month. In October, it was 11,000 pills. By December, she had prescribed more than 73,000, with a street value of nearly $6 million. > At its headquarters in Stamford, Conn...

 

Polhem och Stjärnsund [...]

"Iag Stierncrona med capital och iag Polhammar med wett och förstånd hafwa beslutat anläggia manufacturwärk." Får mig att tänka på vademecum till TMME04 som också hade ett citat från Polhem....

 

Amazon Is Quietly Eliminating List Prices [...]

> “We’ve been conditioned to buy only when things are on sale,” said Bonnie Patten, executive director of Truth in Advertising , a consumer information site. “As a result, what many retailers have done is make sure everything is always on sale. Which means nothing is ever on sale.” >Amazon has both benefited from that conditioning as well as encouraged it, w...

 

Teaching It Twice [...]

Teaching It Twice: The effects of spaced encoding and textbook type on student learning in a general education cognitive science course....

 

Short Sims [...]

> Educational simulations and serious games have evolved quickly over the last couple of decades, from visionary experiments to predictable tools used to support the leading strategies of organizations as diverse as the US Army and global corporations. The research tells us that sims work, and they can teach some things better than any other approach. > > But sims as...

 

Knowing, Remembering, and Digital Reading [...]

Reminded me of this > > > > > > > Kate Garland, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Leicester in England, is one of the few scientists who has studied this question and reviewed the data. She found that when the exact same material is presented in both media, there is no measurable difference in student performance. > > However...

 

Sulfation and Detoxification [...]

> Even though under normal circumstances dietary inorganic sulfate contributes very little to our sulfate pool, the exogenous administration of small amounts of sulfate in selected forms of delivery may be useful, since contrary to what is still a common belief sulfate can be absorbed form the GI tract [41,51]. Along these lines the possible beneficial effects of inor...

 

Government by Referendum Is Not Democracy [...]

> There is a popular view that the highest form of democracy is a referendum. We want to debunk that myth. Democracy is much more than consulting the people in “yes” or “no” decisions.The Brexit referendum, the Vancouver public transit referendum, the electoral reform referendum in B.C., the California tax referendums, the Quebec sovereignty-association refere...

 

View From Nowhere [...]

> It seems that some kind of scientistic fideism is introduced in precautionary culture, a belief (as in trust) in science that is not carried by science itself. Here, the words of Thomas Nagel seem appropriate: ‘… for objectivity is both underrated and overrated, sometimes by the same persons. It is underrated by those who don’t regard it as a method of underst...

 

Poor Readers Rely On Annotations of Others [...]

> We surveyed students enrolled in Introductory Psychology courses about their text marking preferences and analyzed the marking in their textbooks. Low-skill readers report more reliance on highlighting strategies and actually mark their texts more than better readers. In addition, low-skilled readers prefer to buy used, previously marked texts over new ones! Further...

 

Cultural Differences and Textbook Reading [...]

> Even students who have good general reading skills may lack discipline-specific skills and require help learning how to approach readings in your discipline. They may not recognize the organizational structure of a text and may lack the skills necessary to discern the important ideas, distinguish argument from evidence, or recognize an author’s intended audience, ...

 

Test Anxiety Is Often Just Poor Reading [...]

> It is normal and healthy to feel some anxiety before an exam. Many students, however, complain about "test anxiety", explaining that they went into a test knowing the material but that they "went blank" when they began to take the exam. Or when they receive their test results, they find that they made "silly mistakes". What they think is "too much anxiety" may reall...

 

Stand and Deliver Associated With 50% Increase in Fail Rate [...]

> The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology has called for a 33% increase in the number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) bachelor’s degrees completed per year and recommended adoption of empirically validated teaching practices as critical to achieving that goal. The studies analyzed here document that active learn...

 

Reading Tests May Increase Coverage Without Increasing Success [...]

Most interventions designed to increase textbook coverage focus on potentially punitive measures, such as reading quizzes. Though these measures do tend to boost textbook coverage compared to controls, this increased self-reported textbook coverage has not been reliably correlated with academic achievement(McDougall, 1996), and may deter students from taking or remain...

 

More Data on Lack of Student Reading [...]

> Unfortunately, too many college students are not reading the required textbook material for their courses. One survey of physics students found that less than 40% of students in the introductory physics course regularly read the textbook (Podolefsky & Finkelstein, 2006). Psychology students read only 27.46% of the assigned readings before class and only 69.98% befor...

 

Knowing, Remembering, and Digital Reading [...]

> Kate Garland, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Leicester in England, is one of the few scientists who has studied this question and reviewed the data. She found that when the exact same material is presented in both media, there is no measurable difference in student performance. > > However, there are some subtle distinctions that favor print, which m...

 

Desirable Difficulties [...]

> Vary learning conditions. By always learning under the same conditions, our brains use cues from those conditions to help remember the material. When those cues are gone (i.e., when conditions change), what seemed learned can be forgotten. You need to come at your material in a variety of ways, so that your students learn within a variety of contexts. The same mater...

 

Ecuadorean Textbook Fail, 1970s Edition [...]

How not to design a textbook base it on methods the teachers don't understand. > First a set of "objectives" was decided upon. Then new textbooks were designed. The content and layout of each book had been specifically constructed to correspond to "modern pedagogy". In constructing these books in this way it was believed that such a pedagogy was definable; that such ...

 

A Different Distribution for Digital Readers [...]

The _n_ of this difference in pattern is low and likely cannot be trusted. But it is worth looking for elsewhere. > The total sample size comprised 231 students, 119 digital tablet and 112 paper readers. The 10 multiple-choice items were scored 10–0 (high to low), while the two short-answer items were coded for comprehension (4–0, high to low). To determine group...

 

Readers of Digital Screens More Likely to be Better Readers [...]

> A 2013 UK survey conducted by the National Literacy Trust with 34,910 students ranging in age from 8 to 16 reported that over 52 percent preferred to read on electronic devices compared to 32 percent who preferred print.10 The data points to possible influences of technology on reading ability: compared to print readers, those who read digital screens are almost twi...

 

Equivalent in Performance but not Time [...]

> David Daniel and William Woody urge caution in rushing to e-textbooks and call for further investigation.7 Their study compared college student performance between electronic and paper textbooks. While the results suggested that student scores were similar between the formats, they noted that reading time was significantly higher in the electronic version. In additi...

 

Reading Digital Differently [...]

> Researchers have noticed changes in reading behavior as readers adopt new habits while interfacing with digital devices.4 For example, findings by Ziming Liu claimed that digital screen readers engaged in greater use of shortcuts such as browsing for keywords and selectivity.5 Moreover, they were more likely to read a document only once and expend less time with in-...

 

Meaning Is Found in the Head of the Reader [...]

> Skilled readers actively engage the text while those who are less skilled are passive readers. Although both skilled and marginally-skilled readers are proficient in reading the text aloud — this is a simple task — they differ in their comprehension of text because of the way they approach reading...Meaning can only be found in the head of the reader. Thus, read...

 

Seventy Percent of Students Do Not Read the Text Before Class [...]

> A consistent pattern of research findings has established compliance with course reading at 20-30% for any given day and assignment (Burchfield & Sappington, 2000; Hobson, 2003; Marshall, 1974; Self, 1987). Faculty face the stark and depressing challenge of facilitating learning when over 70% of the students will not have read assigned course readings. > Surveys sho...

 

The Blanding Process [...]

> Concern in California is normally of the politically correct sort objections, for example, to such perceived gaffes as using the word Indian instead of "Native American." To make the list in California, books must be scrupulously stereotype free: No textbook can show African Americans playing sports, Asians using computers, or women taking care of children. Anyone ...

 

The Problem With Zuckerberg Telepathy [...]

There's a lot wrong in this statement from Mark Zuckerberg on machine telepathy: > While some of these ideas might seem more like the stuff of sci-fi, Zuckerberg says there is scientific research going on in these fields right now. > Telepathy is one such area. “You’re going to be able to capture a thought in its ideal and perfect form in your head,” he sa...

 

The Lightest Cork on the Whirlpool [...]

Sinclair Lewis's character argues that the demagogue at the center of the storm may be its most replaceable element. From _It Can't Happen Here_: > Mrs. Candy stopped drying the water glasses (with the soft dishtowels which she scrupulously washed out daily) long enough to croak, “What nasty men! I do hope they get shot soon,” which for Mrs. Candy was a startlingl...

 

A Belief in the Devil [...]

For Hoffer, hate is the "most accessible and comprehensive of all unifying elements." and mass movements require not hope but villianization. > Hatred is the most accessible and comprehensive of all unifying agents. It pulls and whirls the individual away from his own self, makes him oblivious of his weal and future, frees him of jealousies and self-seeking. He become...

 

Ivy League Check Your Privilege [...]

Andrew Sullivan believes there is something to the "political correctness" motivation for backlash. It is perhaps this element of his essay that generated the most criticism. But does he have a point? > Much of the newly energized left has come to see the white working class not as allies but primarily as bigots, misogynists, racists, and homophobes, thereby condemni...